What to see?
Royal castle built in the 13th century that was converted during the 17th and 18th century to a Baroque fortress is known as the "jail of nations" for its reputation of the most feared prison in Habsburg monarchy. It is a seat of the Brno Museum, which offers permanent exhibitions concerned with the history of the castle and the city. The visitors are also allowed to take a walk through the casemates - dark grim rooms in the fortifications that used to serve as a recess for the soldiers and later as prison cells for criminals guilty of felony. The castle is surrounded by a spacious park with a number of memorials where the visitors can enjoy a magnificent view of the city.
The Church of St. Peter and Paul (Petrov)
Originally a Romanesque basilica built on the top of a hill known as Petrov, later rebuilt in the Gothic style. Its current neo-Gothic form dates back to the turn of the 19th and 20th century. Besides the Baroque interior the public is allowed access to both cathedral towers as well as the crypt. The characteristic shape of the cathedral and the typical silhouette of the Špilberk Castle form the famous Brno skyline. Petrov is a good starting point for a walk leading to the Capuchin Gardens and Denis Park.
The Villa Tugendhat
The Tugendhat Villa, built between 1929 - 1930, is a gem of Brno's architectural modernism and world's functionalism. It is the most prominent building designed by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in Europe. Its importance was recognised in 2001 by its inclusion in the UNESCO's World Heritage Cultural List. The family villa of the Tugendhats is mainly famous for its original space design, unique technological equipment and elegant interiors with precisely defined function for every single piece of its furniture.
The Villa is currently undergoing an overall reconstruction and it is not open to the public. Up-to-date information on the current state can be found at www.tugendhat.eu.
The Baroque crypt is situated under the church of the Capuchin monastery and is open to the public. Since the second half of the 17th century it has been the last-resting place for the monks of the Capuchin order, its patrons and other important personalities including the famous colonel of "Pandurs", baron Trenck. The mummification of the loosely buried bodies is enabled by a unique system of air circulation.
Old Town Hall
The Old Town Hall is the oldest secular building in Brno combining various architectural styles. From the beginning of the 14th century to 1935 it was a seat of the city administration. The stone portal of the Town Hall Tower with its fabled crooked little turret was designed by Anton Pilgram. In the passage of the Tower there is the famous Brno's Dragon and a wheel hanging from the ceiling. The Renaissance gallery of the Town Hall Tower provides an impressive view of the city.
Sources: Czech Tourism